Download PDF Files of the Best Books and Apps for Identifying Birds of Indian Subcontinent
Birds of Indian Subcontinent PDF Download
If you are a bird lover, a nature enthusiast, or a curious learner, you might be interested in knowing more about the birds of Indian subcontinent. This region, which includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and parts of Afghanistan, Myanmar, China, and Iran, is home to more than 2,000 species of birds, representing about 13% of the world's avian diversity. In this article, we will explore what are these birds, why they are important, how to identify them, and how to download PDF files of them from various sources.
Birds Of Indian Subcontinent Pdf Download
What are the birds of Indian subcontinent?
The birds of Indian subcontinent are those that occur naturally or have been introduced in this geographical area, which covers about 4.4 million square kilometers. The region has a variety of habitats, ranging from high mountains to lowlands, from deserts to wetlands, from forests to grasslands, and from islands to coasts. These habitats support a rich diversity of bird life, with different adaptations, behaviors, and characteristics.
Why are the birds of Indian subcontinent important?
The birds of Indian subcontinent are important for many reasons. Ecologically, they play vital roles in maintaining the balance and health of the ecosystems they inhabit. They pollinate flowers, disperse seeds, control pests, scavenge carrion, recycle nutrients, and provide food for other animals. Culturally, they have inspired many myths, legends, stories, arts, religions, languages, and traditions among the people who live in this region. Economically, they contribute to various sectors such as tourism, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, education, research, conservation, and recreation.
How many species of birds are there in the Indian subcontinent?
According to the latest checklist by the Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN), there are 2,129 species of birds recorded in the Indian subcontinent as of 2020. Of these, 1,278 are resident, 382 are migratory, 369 are vagrant, and 100 are introduced. The number of species varies depending on the source and the criteria used, but it is generally agreed that this region is one of the richest and most diverse in the world in terms of bird life.
Endemic and threatened species
Some of the birds of Indian subcontinent are endemic, meaning they are found nowhere else in the world. These include 71 species, such as the Sri Lanka blue magpie, the Himalayan quail, the Andaman wood pigeon, the Nicobar megapode, the Malabar parakeet, and the white-bellied blue robin. Some of these endemic birds are also threatened, meaning they face a high risk of extinction in the wild. These include 15 species, such as the Jerdon's courser, the pink-headed duck, the forest owlet, the white-rumped vulture, and the great Indian bustard.
Migratory and resident species
Some of the birds of Indian subcontinent are migratory, meaning they travel between different regions or countries depending on the season. These include 382 species, such as the bar-headed goose, the Amur falcon, the Siberian crane, the black-tailed godwit, and the barn swallow. Some of these migratory birds are also resident, meaning they stay in the same region or country throughout the year. These include 156 species, such as the common kingfisher, the red-vented bulbul, the house sparrow, the rose-ringed parakeet, and the Indian peafowl.
How to identify the birds of Indian subcontinent?
Identifying the birds of Indian subcontinent can be a fun and rewarding hobby, as well as a useful skill for conservation and education purposes. There are various tools and resources that can help you recognize and learn about the birds you encounter or want to know more about. Here are some of them:
Field guides and books
Field guides and books are printed publications that provide information and illustrations of the birds of a certain region or group. They usually include details such as names, descriptions, distributions, habitats, behaviors, sounds, and status of each species. They also have keys, indexes, maps, glossaries, and appendices to help you find and compare different birds. Some of the best and most popular field guides and books for the birds of Indian subcontinent are:
Birds of India: Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Maldives by Richard Grimmett et al.
A Field Guide to Birds of The Indian Subcontinent by Krys Kazmierczak et al.
A Photographic Guide to Birds of India: And The Indian Subcontinent by Bikram Grewal et al.
Birds of The Indian Subcontinent: A Field Guide by Ranjit Manakadan et al.
The Book of Indian Birds by Salim Ali.
Online databases and apps
Online databases and apps are digital platforms that offer data and images of the birds of a certain region or group. They usually include features such as search engines, filters, galleries, quizzes, maps, logs, forums, and social media integration. They also have links to other sources such as websites, videos, podcasts, blogs, and articles. Some of the most useful and user-friendly online databases and apps for the birds of Indian subcontinent are:
eBird India: A website and app that allows you to record and share your bird sightings, explore bird distribution and abundance maps, and join citizen science projects.
Bird Count India: A website that promotes birdwatching, bird listing, and bird monitoring in India, and provides tools and resources for birders and researchers.
iNaturalist: Birds of India: A website and app that lets you upload and identify your bird photos, learn from experts, and contribute to biodiversity research.
Merlin Bird ID: An app that helps you identify using a few simple questions, photos, or sounds.
Xeno-canto: India: A website that provides a collection of bird sounds from India, recorded and uploaded by birders and researchers.
Birdwatching clubs and groups
Birdwatching clubs and groups are social organizations that organize events and activities related to birdwatching. They usually offer opportunities such as field trips, workshops, lectures, exhibitions, competitions, publications, and campaigns. They also provide support, guidance, networking, and friendship for birdwatchers of all levels and backgrounds. Some of the most active and friendly birdwatching clubs and groups for the birds of Indian subcontinent are:
Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS): A non-governmental organization that conducts scientific research, conservation action, and education programs on birds and other wildlife in India.
BirdLife India: A network of partner organizations that work together to conserve birds and their habitats in India, and to promote sustainable development.
Delhi Bird: A group of bird enthusiasts that organizes regular bird walks, talks, and outings in and around Delhi.
Bird Watchers' Society of Bengal (BWSB): A society of bird lovers that conducts bird surveys, awareness programs, and conservation projects in West Bengal.
Coimbatore Birding: A Facebook group that shares information, photos, and experiences of birdwatching in Coimbatore and nearby areas.
How to download PDF files of the birds of Indian subcontinent?
If you want to download PDF files of the books, databases, and apps mentioned above, you need to follow some steps and consider some factors. Here are some of them:
Legal and ethical considerations
Before downloading any PDF file from online sources, you should make sure that you have the permission and the right to do so. You should respect the intellectual property and the privacy of the authors, publishers, and owners of the files. You should also abide by the terms and conditions of the websites and platforms that provide the files. You should not download any file that is illegal, harmful, or offensive. You should also not share or distribute any file that you download without proper authorization or attribution.
Technical requirements and tips
To download any PDF file from online sources, you need to have a device that can access the internet and a software that can open and read PDF files. You also need to have enough storage space and battery power on your device. You should also have a reliable and secure internet connection and a browser that can support downloads. You should also check the size, format, quality, and source of the file before downloading it. You should also scan the file for viruses or malware after downloading it. You should also backup or delete the file after using it.
The birds of Indian subcontinent are a fascinating and diverse group of animals that deserve our attention and appreciation. They are important for our environment, culture, and economy. They are also beautiful, colorful, and amazing to watch and learn about. There are many tools and resources that can help us identify and download PDF files of these birds from various sources. We hope this article has inspired you to explore and enjoy the birds of Indian subcontinent more.
What is the national bird of India?
The national bird of India is the Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus), also known as the blue peafowl or the common peafowl. It is a large and colorful bird that belongs to the pheasant family. It is native to India and Sri Lanka, but has been introduced to other parts of the world as well. It is known for its iridescent blue-green plumage and its long train of feathers that can be spread into a fan-like display. It is also a symbol of grace, beauty, pride, and joy.
What is the rarest bird in the Indian subcontinent?
The rarest bird in the Indian subcontinent is the Himalayan quail (Ophrysia superciliosa), also known as the mountain quail or the grey-breasted quail. It is a small and elusive bird that belongs to the quail family. It is endemic to the Himalayas, where it inhabits high-altitude grasslands and scrublands. It is known for its distinctive black and white striped head and its grey-brown body. It is also critically endangered, with no confirmed sightings since 1876.
What is the largest bird in the Indian subcontinent?
The largest bird in the Indian subcontinent is the great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps), also known as the Indian bustard or the ghorad. It is a tall and heavy bird that belongs to the bustard family. It is native to India and Pakistan, where it inhabits dry grasslands and semi-deserts. It is known for its brown and black plumage, its long legs and neck, and its bare head and neck. It is also critically endangered, with less than 200 individuals left in the wild.
What is the smallest bird in the Indian subcontinent?
The smallest bird in the Indian subcontinent is the pale-billed flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrorhynchos), also known as the tickell's flowerpecker or the plain flowerpecker. It is a tiny and agile bird that belongs to the flowerpecker family. It is widespread in India and Sri Lanka, where it inhabits forests, gardens, and plantations. It is known for its olive-green plumage, its pale yellow bill, and its fondness for nectar and fruits. It is also one of the smallest birds in the world, measuring only 8 cm in length and weighing only 5 g.
What is the most common bird in the Indian subcontinent?
The most common bird in the Indian subcontinent is the house sparrow (Passer domesticus), also known as the English sparrow or the common sparrow. It is a small and social bird that belongs to the sparrow family. It is native to Europe and Asia, but has been introduced to other parts of the world as well. It is known for its brown and grey plumage, its black bib, and its chirpy song. It is also one of the most widespread and adaptable birds in the world, living in close association with humans and their habitats.